Derrick Demond Epps, 36, is charged with first-degree murder.
Bailey was found fatally wounded by police responding to the call. Epps was apprehended shortly after officers arrived at the scene.
General District Court Judge Gordon Vincent certified the murder charge against Epps to a grand jury during a September hearing.
The slaying of Bailey, 57, who had been named the 2010 Eastern Shore Citizen of the Year at a gala event just before her death, shocked the community.
Bailey was a U.S. Army veteran, a choir member and secretary of the Trustee Board at the Macedonia AME Church in Accomac and had worked for Accomack County Social Services and the Eastern Shore Community Services Board.